Coding articles are developed by STS Coding and Reimbursement Workforce members to address problematic topics or further explain coding- or reimbursement-related rules and regulations. If you would like to suggest that an article be developed on a specific topic, please submit a request through the Coding Help Desk  form.
The material presented here is, to the best of our knowledge, accurate and factual to date. The information and suggestions are provided as guidelines for coding and reimbursement, however, and should not be construed as organizational policy. The Society of Thoracic Surgeons disclaims any responsibility for the consequences of actions taken, based on the information presented in the Coding & Reimbursement Corner section of this website.