Career Resources

The development and success of early career members is an important objective for the Society. The STS Workforce on Career Development endeavors to address the specific career needs of members in their first 7 years of practice.


The Workforce recently developed a series of answers to frequently asked questions, including clinical interactions, program development, personal finances, contracting, and research.


Read blog posts written by Workforce members and providing practical advice on all aspects of early career development.

Social Media Outreach

Connect with members of the Workforce on Twitter @CTSurgCareers, and join the quarterly TweetChats, during which Workforce members and other Society leaders discuss early career issues in this open social media forum.

The next TweetChat is scheduled for Wednesday, May 22. Join host Mara B. Antonoff, MD and others for a discussion on how to build a digital presence. The chat begins at 8:00 p.m. ET; use the hashtag #CTcareers to participate.

Note: The opinions expressed in this Twitter feed are those of its individual contributors and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons.

Additional Resources

  • The 2019 Residents Symposium at the STS Annual Meeting included talks related to private practice and academic career pathways, the mechanics of finding a job, negotiating a contract, building a successful clinical practice, early career development, what you need to know about finances, and achieving a successful work/life balance. View the slides from the Symposium.
  • Some of the most successful cardiothoracic surgeons credit mentors for part of their achievements. Whether you are still in training, an early careerist, or a senior surgeon, taking part in a productive mentor/mentee arrangement has long-term benefits. But how do you identify a good mentor or mentee and cultivate that relationship? Drs. Mara B. Antonoff (UT MD Anderson Cancer Center), Vinod H. Thourani (MedStar Heart and Vascular Institute), John D. Mitchell (University of Colorado Denver), and Elizabeth A. David (Keck School of Medicine of USC) describe the qualities to look for in a mentor, the importance of communication, setting realistic expectations, avoiding “mentor malpractice,” and why mentees should under promise and over deliver.

  • An important element of building and maintaining a successful cardiothoracic surgery practice is the relationship with referring physicians such as cardiologists and primary care physicians. V. Seenu Reddy, MD, MBA (TriStar Cardiovascular Surgery) moderates a panel discussion about the elements of forming good relationships, breaking through the anonymity resulting from electronic health records, creating a patient-centered experience, how to communicate bad news, and building a solid reputation. Joining him are cardiologist Patrick T. O’Gara, MD (Brigham and Women's Hospital), Tom C. Nguyen, MD (The University of Texas Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery), and Craig J. Baker, MD (Keck Medicine at the University of Southern California).