The Annals of Thoracic Surgery Editorial Board

EDITOR
G. Alexander Patterson

Deputy Editors

Adult Cardiac
Joanna Chikwe
John A. Kern
Jennifer S. Lawton

Congenital Heart
Scott M. Bradley
Jennifer C. Romano

General Thoracic
Mark K. Ferguson
James D. Luketich

Biostatistics
Graham Colditz

CME
Colleen G. Koch

Education
Wilson Y. Szeto

Interactive Learning
Shanda H. Blackmon

Public Policy
Alan M. Speir

Quality
David M. Shahian

Associate Editors

CME
Rick A. Esposito
Kirk R. Kanter
Kemp H. Kernstine
Feroze Mahmood
Nicholas G. Smedira

Ethics
Robert M. Sade

Surgical Heritage
Douglas J. Mathisen

Feature Articles
Gorav Ailawadi
Daniel J. Boffa
Derek R. Brinster
Robert D.B. Jaquiss
Virginia R. Litle
Mitchell J. Magee
Marc Ruel
Jorge D. Salazar
Mark S. Slaughter
Thomas J. Vander Salm

Editorial Board Members

Jake H. Abernathy III
Mark S. Allen
Nasser K. Altorki
Mara B. Antonoff
Hisao Asamura
Ko Bando
Stefano Benussi
Michael E. Bowdish
Alessandro Brunelli
Adriano Carotti
Ke-Neng Chen
Traves D. Crabtree
Jessica S. Donington
Yves d’Udekem
Pirooz Eghtesady
Anthony L. Estrera
Wentao Fang
Farhood Farjah
Felix G. Fernandez
Hiran C. Fernando
Victor A. Ferraris
Seth D. Force
Robert C. Gorman
Michael Grimm
Eugene A. Grossi
Kristine J. Guleserian
George L. Hicks Jr.
Tain-Yen Hsia
G. Chad Hughes
S. Adil Husain
Jeffrey P. Jacobs
Tara Karamlou
Anthony W. Kim
Ki-Bong Kim
Damien J. LaPar
Eric J. Lehr
Scott A. LeMaire
Thomas E. MacGillivray
Nader Moazami
Susan D. Moffatt-Bruce
Nahush A. Mokadam
David L.S. Morales
Yoshifumi Naka
Domenico Pagano
Sara K. Pasquali
Gregory Pattakos
Mark D. Rodefeld
Evelio Rodriguez
Lindsey L. Saint
Shunji Sano
Isabelle Schmitt-Opitz
Joseph B. Shrager
Vinod H. Thourani
Thomas K. Varghese Jr.
Giulia Veronesi
Thomas Walther
Song Wan
Benny Weksler
Daniel Wendt
Rashmi Yadav
Jian Zhuang