The Annals of Thoracic Surgery Editorial Board

EDITOR
G. Alexander Patterson

Emeritus Editors

L. Henry Edmunds Jr.
Thomas B. Ferguson*
Herbert Sloan*
John D. Steele*

*Deceased

Deputy Editors

Adult Cardiac
Joanna Chikwe
Jennifer S. Lawton
Nahush A. Mokadam
Wilson Y. Szeto

Congenital Heart
Yves d'Udekem
Jennifer C. Romano

General Thoracic
Elizabeth A. David
Benjamin D. Kozower
Daniela Molena
Erino A. Rendina

Biostatistics
Graham Colditz

CME
Colleen G. Koch

Digital Media and Digital Scholarship
Thomas K. Varghese Jr.

Education
Mara B. Antonoff

Public Policy
Keith A. Horvath

Quality
David M. Shahian

Associate Editors

Biostatistics
Esther Lu
Fei Wan

CME
Jessica S. Donington
Rick A. Esposito
Stephanie M. Fuller
Feroze Mahmood
Nicholas G. Smedira

Ethics
Robert M. Sade

Surgical Heritage
Douglas J. Mathisen

Feature Articles
Gorav Ailawadi
Daniel J. Boffa
Derek R. Brinster
Vincent Chan
Marcelo Cypel
Robert D.B. Jaquiss
Virginia R. Litle
Mitchell J. Magee
Linda W. Martin
Meena Nathan
Ourania Preventza
Mark S. Slaughter
Bobby Yanagawa

Editorial Board Members

Jake H. Abernathy III
Jehangir J. Appoo
Arman Arghami
Michael E. Bowdish
Lisa M. Brown
Paulo F. Cardoso
Adriano Carotti
Ke-Neng Chen
Danny Chu
Traves D. Crabtree
Todd Crawford
Chadwick E. Denlinger
Pirooz Eghtesady
Kathryn Engelhardt
Farhood Farjah
Felix G. Fernandez
Hiran C. Fernando
Victor A. Ferraris
Amy G. Fiedler
Kirsten Finucane
Seth D. Force
Mario F.L. Gaudino
Kristine J. Guleserian
T. Sloane Guy
Matthew G. Hartwig
Tain-Yen Hsia
G. Chad Hughes
Dawn S. Hui
S. Adil Husain
Jeffrey P. Jacobs
Tara Karamlou
Arman Kilic
Anthony W. Kim
Peter Kneuertz
Michael Lanuti
Damien J. LaPar
Eric J. Lehr
Scott A. LeMaire
Peter B. Licht
Lunxu Liu
Jessica G.Y. Luc
Thomas E. MacGillivray
Brian Mitzman
Nader Moazami
Susan Moffatt-Bruce
David L.S. Morales
Jun Nakajima
David M. Overman
Kalpaj R. Parekh
Sara K. Pasquali
Gregory Pattakos
Keshava Rajagopal
T. Brett Reece
Mark D. Rodefeld
Evelio Rodriguez
Aya Saito
Isabelle Schmitt-Opitz
Andrew J.E. Seely
Christian Shults
Ibrahim Sultan
Li-Zhong Sun
Joanna J.M. Takkenberg
Giulia Veronesi
Aaron J. Weiss
Benny Weksler
Daniel Wendt
Leora T. Yarboro
Sai S. Yendamuri
Jian Zhuang