Patient Safety

Cardiothoracic surgeons have long been recognized for their dedication to clinical excellence and patient safety. This page on the STS website was developed as a resource to provide the latest information on patient safety educational materials and peer-reviewed research offered by the Society.

Patient Safety E-Learning Program Available for Purchase

STS is offering an e-learning program on the science and practice of patient safety. “Fundamentals of Patient Safety for the Cardiothoracic Surgery Team” is a series of online modules covering topics such as the epidemiology of error, systems thinking, human factors, the culture of safety, fundamentals of quality improvement, communication, and methods and tools for evaluating safety events. By completing the entire program, learners can earn 4.5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™, as well as self-assessment credits toward Part II of the American Board of Surgery Maintenance of Certification Program. 


  • $150 for STS Members
  • $250 for Non-Members

Visit to purchase the program, and contact Education with any questions

Patient Safety Papers

The following articles were written by members of the STS Workforce on Patient Safety and published in The Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Lead Author Title Date
Justin C. Y. Chan, MBBS, FRACS “Nobody told me”: Communication Issues Affecting Australian Cardiothoracic Surgery Patients December 2019
Leah M. Backhus, MD, MPH Culture of Safety and Gender Inclusion in Cardiothoracic Surgery October 2018
Kevin W. Lobdell, MD Decision Making, Evidence, and Practice April 2018
Susan Moffatt-Bruce, MD, PhD Leadership Oversight for Patient Safety Programs: An Essential Element February 2018
John J. Squiers, MD Physician Burnout: Are We Treating the Symptoms Instead of the Disease? October 2017
Juan A. Sanchez, MD Investigating the Causes of Adverse Events June 2017
Jennifer L. Wilson, MD Teamwork and Communication Skills in Cardiothoracic Surgery April 2017
Kevin W. Lobdell, MD “What’s the Risk?” Assessing and Mitigating Risk in Cardiothoracic Surgery October 2016
Susan D. Moffatt-Bruce, MD, PhD Patient Safety: Disclosure of Medical Errors and Risk Mitigation August 2016
James I. Fann, MD Human Factors and Human Nature in Cardiothoracic Surgery June 2016
Susan D. Moffatt-Bruce, MD, PhD Our New Reality of Public Reporting: Shame Rather Than Blame? April 2016
Juan A. Sanchez, MD Patient Safety Science in Cardiothoracic Surgery: An Overview February 2016
Jill A. Marsteller, PhD, MPP Safety Culture in Cardiac Surgical Teams: Data From Five Programs and National Surgical Comparison December 2015
Agnes Bognár, MD Errors and the Burden of Errors: Attitudes, Perceptions, and the Culture of Safety in Pediatric Cardiac Surgical Teams April 2008